Message of President Nursultan Nazarbaev of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan's Way - 2050: A common goal, common interests, common future
Dear compatriots !
Kazakhstan twenty-first century - a country created from "scratch" in just two decades, talented , hardworking , tolerant people ! This is our baby, we are proud of ! It is our great work that we wholeheartedly love !
We adopted the Strategy 2050 to Kazakhstan held tightly in his hands on the steering wheel of the future long-term plans strany.Segodnya run many successful countries - China , Malaysia , Turkey. Strategic planning in the twenty-first century is the rule number one. For no wind is favorable , if the country does not know the route and arrival harbor . Strategy 2050 as a beacon allows us to solve problems of daily life of people , without losing sight of our main goal . This means that we annually rather than 30-50 years , will improve people's lives.
Strategy - a program of specific practical cases that day after day, year after year will do better country and life in Kazakhstan. But everyone should understand and know that market conditions do not have to wait for manna from heaven , and work effectively . The state's task - to create all conditions for this . I am convinced that the future of our country worthy of the advanced countries of the world - this is what forever unite all people of Kazakhstan.
Today I want to introduce our plan of entering the number 30 developed countries. On my instructions, the Government has drafted a detailed concept . I generally endorsed this document, which revised to fit my instructions in this epistle is finalized . According to many forecasts , the next 15-17 years will be a "window of opportunity " for large-scale breakthrough of Kazakhstan. During this period, for us to continue the favorable external environment , growth in the demand for resources, energy and food , aging of the Third Industrial Revolution. We should use this time .
By 2050 the goal of the year we will be moving in a difficult global competition. Coming decades pose many challenges , which we already know , and a lot of unexpected situations , new crises in global markets and in world politics. " Easy walk " in the twenty-first century will not be. Mid- century is near. Developed countries to try on her their specific strategies . The second third of the twenty-first century will be uniquely difficult, and the number of applicants to the global list of the Top 30 - is very limited. I have repeatedly said that the concept of "developed country" - changeable in time category . In developed countries, there are radically new quality of life of the people.
Now the fundamental development indicators show the state - members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) . It includes 34 countries that produce more than 60 percent of global GDP . Candidates for accession to the OECD countries are still 6 - Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia and South Africa. All participating countries have gone deep modernization , have high rates of investment, scientific research , productivity , business development , standards of living. Indicators of OECD countries with regard to their future long-term dynamics , this is the basic guidelines of our way among the 30 developed nations of the world .
I set the task of implementing a number of principles in Kazakhstan and the OECD standards . They are reflected in the draft Concept . The economy is planned to achieve annual GDP growth of at least 4 percent. It is necessary to provide increased investment from the current 18 percent to 30 percent of the total GDP. Introduction of knowledge-based economy model aims to increase to 70 per cent share of non-oil products in Kazakhstan's export potential .
Creation of new high-tech sectors of the economy will require increased funding of science to the level of not less than 3 percent of GDP. Important 2 times lower energy intensity of gross domestic product. By 2050, small and medium businesses will produce at least 50 percent of Kazakhstan's GDP , instead of the current 20 percent. Labor productivity should be increased by 5 times - from the current 24.5 thousand to 126 thousand dollars.
The main guidelines for the development of the social sphere to 2050 enclosed in concrete indicative figures. We need to increase the rate of 4.5 times GDP per capita - from 13,000 dollars to 60,000 dollars. Kazakhstan will become a country with a predominant share of the middle class . Following the global trend of urbanization , the proportion of the urban population will grow from 55 to about 70 percent of the population . Cities and towns will link quality roads and high-speed routes all modes of transport .
Adoption of healthy lifestyles and the development of medicine will increase the duration of life in Kazakhstan to 80 years and above. Kazakhstan will become one of the leading Eurasian centers of medical tourism. Completed the formation of advanced national education system . Kazakhstan has become one of the most safe and comfortable accommodation for people around the world. Peace and stability , fair and effective justice rule of law - is the foundation of a developed country .
Dear compatriots !
The Concept of Kazakhstan one of the 30 most developed countries designated long-term priorities for future work . We have to solve several problems in the following areas .
First . It is important to adjust and strengthen the innovative trend of industrialization. I gave instructions to the Government on the drafting of the Second Five-Year Plan for Accelerated Industrial and Innovative Development for 2016-2019 years. Need to limit the number of priorities of industrialization.
It is important to increase the effectiveness of traditional mining sectors. - They are our natural competitive advantage . We need new approaches to management , production and processing of hydrocarbons , keeping the export potential of the energy sector. It is necessary to finally decide on possible scenarios for oil and gas . It is important to increase the development of rare earth metals, given their importance for knowledge-intensive industries - electronics , laser technology , communications and medical equipment.
Kazakhstan should enter the world market in the field of exploration . In this industry should attract investments from foreign engineering companies , simplifying legislation . In general, the traditional industries we should have separate plans for their development. Concrete result of each five-year period should be the creation of new industries. In the first five-year plan to create a car and aircraft , production of locomotives , passenger and freight cars . Their need to expand to output to external markets.
So, remaining until 2050, divided into seven five-year periods , each of which solves the problem to achieve a common goal - to become one of the 30 developed countries.
In the second and subsequent five-year plans should establish mobile and multimedia industries , nano- technology and aerospace , robotics , genetic engineering, locate and open the energy of the future. A key part of the state is to create the most favorable conditions for the development of Kazakhstan's business , mainly small and medium . In the next 10-15 years, it is necessary to create a knowledge-intensive economic base , without which we can not stand on a par with the developed countries . This is decided on the basis of advanced science.
Second . It is important to translate into innovative rails agro- industrial complex. This is our traditional industry . Global demand for food will increase. In this sector will invest more . Therefore, the current farmers must take care of the growth of production , and not content with short achievements related to weather conditions. Competing in the global agro- will increase. On earth should work primarily those introducing new technologies and continuously improves performance, works on the basis of the best international standards .
First and foremost, it is important to establish an effective land market , including through transparent pricing mechanisms . Lease of farmland only taking into account investment and the introduction of advanced technologies will increase competition. Should remove all barriers to business development in agriculture, farming cooperative process , efficient land use .
Future - for the creation of a network of new processing enterprises in the agricultural sector , mainly in the form of small and medium-sized businesses . Here we need to support business loans. Farmers should have direct access to long-term financing and markets without intermediaries . Relevant issue is the creation of an effective system of guarantees and insurance of loans to rural producers . Kazakhstan should become a major regional exporter of meat, dairy and other products of agriculture. In crop should go towards reducing the volume of water-intensive crops cultivation unprofitable and replacing them with vegetable , oilseed and forage production. Need a set of measures for the efficient use of agrochemicals increased use in arid regions of modern technology zero tillage and other innovations .
According to the adopted Concept for the transition to a "green" economy by 2030, 15 percent of acreage will be converted to water-saving technologies . We need to develop agricultural science , to create experimental agro- innovation clusters . It is important to keep up with the time , and along with the production of natural food , lead the development of drought-tolerant genetically modified crops . Given the designated tasks instruct the Government to adjust the planning of the development of agriculture.
Third . Knowledge-based economy - is , above all, increase the capacity of Kazakhstan science . In this area should improve legislation on venture financing , intellectual property protection, support research and innovation , as well as commercialization of research . I instruct the Government before September 1 of the current year to develop and submit to the Parliament a package of relevant bills. Need a concrete plan for the phased increase in funding for specific development of science and discovery, working on the country and bring it to the indicators developed countries.
Attracting foreign investment is necessary to fully utilize for our country in the transfer of knowledge and new technologies. Must be set up with foreign companies design and engineering centers . We should encourage leading multinational companies that operate in the largest oil and gas and mining and metallurgical facilities to manufacture here they created for their own needs and service. I know that some big companies are willing to do it. Government should work on this issue and, if necessary to create all conditions . Do not need to import equipment from abroad when it can be produced in our country .
It is important to improve the efficiency of the national innovation system, its basic institutions . Their activities should be aimed at supporting start-ups and early stages of venture deals . It is necessary to intensify technological parks , especially in large urban areas , especially in Almaty and Astana . First intellectual innovation cluster is successfully operating in Astana on the basis of the Nazarbayev University . Almaty - is the Information Technology Park "Alatau" . Important to consider measures to stimulate the process of placing additional production Technoparks large local companies .
Fourth. It is necessary to ensure the dynamic development of the infrastructure of the triad - agglomerations , transport and energy. Agglomeration - this frame knowledge-based economy of Kazakhstan. Their creation and development - an important issue in view of the vast territory of the country and low population density . The first modern urban centers become the largest cities of Kazakhstan - Astana and Almaty, hereinafter - Shymkent and Aktobe. They should also become centers of science and attraction of investment and population , to provide quality education, health , social and cultural services .
Transport infrastructure - the circulatory system of our industrial economy and society. I have said many times that the quality of a developed country without modern highways does not happen. In addition, Kazakhstan path messages are important in terms of its location between Europe and Asia , North and South. To create a network of roads in the country , we began to build the motorway "Astana- Almaty - Karaganda ", "Astana - Pavlodar - Ust-Kamenogorsk ", "Almaty - Kapchagai Ust-Kamenogorsk ." For these same routes already trains with double speed.
Need to develop the sector of logistics services. First of all , it is about maximizing the use of the Customs Union to transport our goods . Nearing completion of the construction corridor "Western Europe - Western China" , built railway in Turkmenistan and Iran , with access to the Persian Gulf . In the future, Kazakhstan to invest in the establishment of logistics centers in countries with access to the sea . Need to reduce the time of entry of goods, improve the capacity of border crossings , to strengthen capacity of the port of Aktau , simplify procedures for export and import operations .
We are building a new railway 1200 kilometer " Zhezkazgan Shalkar - Beyneu ." It will directly connect the East and West of the country , enlivening many areas of the center . This grand building will be completed in 2015. This highway will allow through the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus to go to Europe. And in the east - in the port of Lianyungang on the Pacific Ocean , as there is an agreement with the PRC.
Energy , we will develop in its traditional forms . Necessary to support searches and cleaning emissions TPP , widespread energy savings based on the latest technologies in the workplace and at home . Recently, the top ten largest companies in the European Union publicly opposed the EU energy strategy adopted by well-known concept of a green economy . During the four years of its implementation of the EU 51 gigawatts of generating capacity lost . Working on the program of the green economy , we need to allow for these errors .
Preparations for the World Expo 2017 in Astana should be used for establishing a center to study and implement the best international practices in search, and future energy and the green economy . A team of specialists under the auspices of the Nazarbayev University is expected to start this work. We need to create conditions for the transfer of public transport on clean fuels , electric vehicles and introduce them to create the appropriate infrastructure . The country needs a high-volume production of gasoline, diesel , aviation kerosene . We must build a new refinery.
At the same time , we must not forget about the prospects of nuclear energy. The need for cheap nuclear power development in the foreseeable future the world will only grow. Kazakhstan - the world leader in uranium mining. We have to develop its own production of fuel for nuclear power plants and build nuclear power plants .
Fifth. Development of small and medium-sized businesses - is the main tool of the industrial and social modernization of Kazakhstan in the XXI century . This is my position , as you know, is unambiguous , and I expressed it many times . The greater the share of small and medium-sized businesses in our economy - the more stable will be the development of Kazakhstan. We are more than 800,000 small and medium-sized businesses , they employ 2.4 million Kazakhs . The volume of production in this sector has grown over four years , and 1.6 times more than 8.3 billion tenge.
According to the global rating Kazakhstan is among the group of countries with the most favorable conditions for doing business , and this trend we must build . Small and medium business - is a sound economic basis of our society of universal labor . For its development need comprehensive solutions for legislative strengthening private property. Necessary to cancel all inert law preventing the development of business. Small business should become a family tradition , passed on from generation to generation.
It is important to take measures to promote the specialization of small businesses, with a view to its transition into the category average. Should adopt a clear mechanism for bankruptcy sector participants . Small and medium business needs to grow around new innovative enterprises. I instructed the Government plan to combine the second five industrialization roadmap " Business 2020" . Government, in conjunction with the National Chamber of entrepreneurs need to create effective mechanisms for guidance to novice businessmen .
Sixth. Our path to the future is linked to the creation of new opportunities for realizing the potential of Kazakhstan. Developed country in the twenty-first century - is active , educated and healthy citizens . What we need to do this ?
First, all developed countries have a unique quality educational system. We have a lot of work to improve the quality of all parts of national education . By 2020 it is planned to provide 100 per cent coverage of Kazakh children from 3 to 6 years of preschool education . Therefore it is important to give them a modern training programs and methods , qualified personnel . In secondary education, it is necessary to pull the secondary schools to the level of teaching in - Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools . School graduates should know Kazakh, Russian and English languages. Result of student learning is mastering their critical thinking skills , independent research and in-depth analysis of information.
Over the next three years , until 2017 , it is necessary to eliminate the problem of lack of training places and convert all schools in the country on a two-shift training where necessary. Government and governors should provide budgetary allocation for this task. In the next 2-3 years it is necessary to form the nucleus of a national system of dual technical and vocational education . In the future, it is necessary to plan the transition to guarantee young people receiving state technical education. I instruct the Government to June 1, 2014 to make concrete proposals on this issue.
In a planned start to a gradual shift of the leading universities for academic and administrative autonomy. Consider it necessary to establish an effective system to support students and students with high achievers . I instruct the Government to provide a boost with January 1, 2016 the amount of scholarships by 25 percent.
Second, health care a top priority - the development of primary health care . Should consider the introduction of compulsory health insurance. Joint and several liability of the state , the employer and the employee for his health - the main principle of the entire health care system . Sports, proper diet, regular check-ups - the foundation of disease prevention .
Thirdly, we must give new impetus to the development of All-Kazakhstan culture. Should develop a long-term concept of cultural policy. It is necessary to identify measures aimed at creating a competitive cultural mentality Kazakhs , the development of modern cultural clusters.
Fourth, we will revise social packages educators, health and social security . I instruct the Government to develop and implement a July 1, 2015 a new model of wages for civil servants . It should provide an increase in the salaries of health care - up to 28 percent , education - up to 29 per cent of social protection - up to 40 percent.
Fifth, we must pay more attention to our citizens with disabilities. For them, Kazakhstan should become a barrier-free zone. Take care of these people, which are many , - we owe it to themselves and society . Worldwide are engaged. People with disabilities can work on consumer services , food industry, agriculture. I once again appeal to all our business to assist them in finding employment. You can also consider the possibility of introducing a special quota for 5-10 people .
We engage them in an active life , they will not only receive benefits and be aware of themselves as members of society , helpful employees. All our social institutions , non-governmental organizations , "Nur Otan" should take the job . If necessary, the government should work on this issue with all the companies and take appropriate action . I instruct the Government from July 1, 2015 to increase by 25 percent the amount of social benefits , disability and loss of a breadwinner . Should improve the legal framework for associations of disabled persons .
It is important to strengthen the work with them all public bodies - from the Government to the local mayor . We must continue to reduce poverty and to curb unemployment. It is important not to allow growth dependent moods . For all recipients of state allowances and assistance necessary to introduce a rule for mandatory participation in employment programs and social adaptation.
Seventh. Improving the performance of state institutions. When driving in the number of 30 developed countries in the world , we need the atmosphere of fair competition , justice, rule of law and high legal culture . Need updated tools of interaction between state and non-governmental sector business.
Equality before the law must become the real basis of law. The judiciary should be in practice transparent and accessible , easy, and quickly resolve any disputes. It is necessary to raise the quality of the entire law enforcement system. People in uniform vested greater powers to impeccable behavior and high professionalism.
The most important task - to continue the formation and implementation of the new anti-corruption strategy . Administrative reform should not be a tedious and unnecessary paperwork and documentation . We need to give more autonomy to local governments , while enhancing their accountability for results , increasing their accountability to the public. I instruct the Government, together with my Administration to make before July 1 of this year a set of proposals on all these issues .
We need to continue implementation of the principles of meritocracy in personnel policies of public enterprises , national companies and public offices . I instruct the Government to provide higher wages to civil servants corps "B" from 1 July 2015 - 15 per cent , and from July 1, 2016 - by another 15 percent.
These are the specific challenges facing our state and society on the way to number 30 developed countries. We will bring them to the letter of the laws and specific solutions .
Dear deputies and members of the Government !
Our movement among the 30 developed nations of the world must be carried out in two stages.
The first phase covers the period until 2030, when the need to make a modernization breakthrough using a " window of opportunity" in the twenty-first century . At this time, Kazakhstan will have to do what the developed countries have committed during the industrial boom of the last century. This is entirely feasible . Similar path passed South Korea and Singapore . At this stage, we will provide the dynamic growth of our traditional industries and create a strong industrial processing sector. In the second phase between 2030 and 2050 is necessary to ensure sustainable development of the country on the principles of knowledge-based economy . We will form a strong manufacturing industry. In traditional industries will be a transition to production of high value added , engineering services will be developed as a basis for the knowledge economy.
Now I want to focus on what exactly needs to be done this year , given that a lot depends on the start. Give specific instructions to the Government and the National Bank for this year.
First . The government needs to ensure this year economic growth of 6-7 percent. With GDP per capita at the end of this year should be no less than 14,500 dollars.
Second . I instruct the Government and the National Bank until May 1, 2014 to work out a package of measures to reduce inflation to 3-4 percent in the medium term.
Third . Government should work together with the National Bank until June 1, 2014 to develop a comprehensive program of financial sector development until 2030.
Fourth. Government, in conjunction with the Fund " Samruk-Kazyna" to analyze all state-owned companies , to determine the list of enterprises to be transferred to the private sector . The same work is necessary to spend on the rest of the public sector . In the first quarter of the current year must be adopted a comprehensive privatization program for 2014-2016 years.
Fifth. Government by the end of this year should develop a draft strategy of forming agglomerations in the cities of Astana and Almaty for the period until 2030.
Sixth. Government prior to 1 September 2014 to develop a program for the development of transit potential of Kazakhstan for the period up to 2030 , providing questions removal of barriers to international trade.
Seventh. Government before the end of the first quarter of this year, should decide on placement issues , sources of investment and timing of construction of the fourth refinery and nuclear power .
Dear people of Kazakhstan!
My fellow !
All our actions to achieve the main goal of the Strategy -2050 should follow clear principles.
First, the principle of pragmatic and evolutionary of all decisions . We can not allow any jumps , reckless experiments and adventures in the economy, politics and social life. Our country and society must also change rapidly as quickly will change the whole world around us.
Secondly , the principle of mutual openness. We will be fully involved in our economy, foreign investment , technology and innovation. For investors , we will create favorable conditions for the work. An important mechanism of entering the top 30 developed countries in the world , we can clearly see greater integration of our economy into the regional and global economic systems. This is primarily due to our participation in the formation of the Eurasian Economic Union, the accession to the World Trade Organization.
Thirdly, the principle of strengthening welfare of its people . Social well-being of ordinary people should be a key indicator of our progress towards the main goal.
Fourth , the importance of the principle of popular support . My message to the people itself is the main explanation of our goals and objectives document. Each minister , mayor , head of the company should lead this activity to explain and connect with all the work. Concrete measures to implement the goals and objectives of the Message should be brought to every citizen of Kazakhstan . I'm sure this will be one of the main issues of the "Nur Otan". To do this , first of all , civil servants need to know yourself and feel the ideas of our Strategy.
Employment Administration of the President and all members of the Government , local government offices at all levels should be directed to perform all these tasks . In general , the structure of public authorities must comply with the decision of the challenges ahead and to ensure realization of the objectives of the Strategy - 2050 .
Dear compatriots !
We Kazakhstan , one people ! And common fate for us - it is our Mәңgіlіk El , our worthy and great Kazakhstan ! " Mәңgіlіk El" - is the idea of our common Kazakh national home , the dream of our ancestors. During 22 years of sovereign development created the core values that unite all Kazakhs and constitute the foundation of the future of our country. They are not taken from the transcendental theories. These values - the experience of Kazakhstan Way, withstood the test of time .
First, it is independence of Kazakhstan and Astana. Secondly , national unity, peace and harmony in our society. Thirdly, it is a secular society and high spirituality . Fourth, economic growth through industrialization and innovation. Fifth, this society of universal labor . Sixth , common history , culture and language. Seventh, it's national security and global participation of our country in addressing global and regional issues. With these values , we always won , strengthen our country , multiply our great successes. These constituent , national values is the ideological foundation of the New Kazakhstan patriotism .
I instruct the Administration of the President , the Government and the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan jointly with the National Movement " Kazakhstan - 2050" to organize the development and adoption of the Patriot Act " Mәңgіlіk El" . We set great goals for the benefit of our people, and therefore I call on all political parties, public associations , all Kazakhstan citizens to actively participate in the achievement of the main goals of the Strategy -2050 ! Particularly appeal to our youth. This strategy - for you. Do you participate in its implementation and you reap the benefits of its success. Included in the work , each at their workplace . Do not be indifferent . Create fate of the country together with all the people !